Newspaper production starts from the collection of opinions, articles, new stories, and advertisements. This information is then printed in a copy known as “Hard Copy”. Newspaper printing is normally done periodically to ensure news is delivered in an up-to-date and factual manner. In most cases, newspapers are produced weekly, twice a week or on daily basis. The editorial section contains information written by reporters under instructions of editors. The advertisement section is divided into the display and classified parts.
Listed below are a more in-depth explanation on the different steps of the newspaper production process:
Event coverage and gathering of stories is usually done by reporters. Collected information is sent to the editors electronically through the emails. Within the newsroom, every reporter works with a given desk. News dissemination and gathering is paramount to each newspaper house. Sub-editors edit copies presented by the reporters before passing them to the Chief Sub Editor who edits the copies further before presenting them to the Editor who does the final editing.
Pre-press and press
Designing of the newspapers’ pages is usually done during the pre-press stage. This is done by the editor and sub-editors seated beside each other to form an editorial conference. Every sub-editor is required to give his or her views on how the pages should be arranged. Advertisements are forwarded to the editorial department by the marketing department. This should be done before the actual newspaper printing process starts.
After page planning, the dummy sheets are sent to another part called graphic section so that they can be transformed into digital form. Pictures, graphics, cutline, graphical illustrations, color, and text are brought together hence forming a newspaper. Designing process is usually performed with the help of computers, using software like Adobe page maker, Corel draw, Quark-Xpress, Adobe-In-Design, DFW Printing Company, Inc. and other related software. A graphic designer uses the aforementioned software to change the dummy sheet into a copy that can be printed out on a particular size of a paper.
The pressing stage is normally divided into Impression and Lithographic stages. Newspaper houses that produce sophisticated newspapers apply a technology known as Computer to Plate (CTP) while others use Computer to Machine (CTM). There are also some newspaper houses that apply old technology, which involves the application of film before the plate is made. During the lithographic stage, the advert and stories are recorded on a plate, which is normally a sheet of aluminum-like iron. It helps a newspaper printer perform the newspaper printing process in the required manner. A CTP machine records the designed information on the plate.
At the impression stage, plates are placed on a printing machine hence production of many copies. This is done several times until the required number of copies is reached. Printing of newspaper is mainly done on thin papers, which are made from wood pulp and recycled matter. In the course of the newspaper printing, the main news item of the day is placed on the current page while opinions, articles, and letters to editors are placed on advanced pages.
At this stage, the resulting copies are circulated and also sold to the readers. Production and designing of a newspaper to be released the next day are usually done a day before the actual publishing day. Trucks and trains help in moving the produced copies to various distribution centers for readers to buy.